Note that this does not include an ifconfig call to
set the interface’s IPv6 address: this is done by
devd, which calls the boot scripts’ ifconfig routine
when the interface comes up. Thus I have the following
line in /etc/rc.conf:
If instead of this line I have an explicit ifconfig
in /etc/rc.local then there is a race condition between
rc.local and devd. If devd runs last, the boot scripts
won’t see any IPv6 address configured for the newly
created interface in /etc/rc.conf, and they will set
ifdisabled on it (blocking all IPv6 traffic, and marking
the configured link local address as “tentative”).
If devd runs first, the problem is dormant, because setting
the link local address clears ifdisabled as a side effect.
Three years after the M4800,
it’s time to upgrade again. Let’s start with debian-9.2.1-amd64-netinst.iso.
Booting it up
My new laptop came with an OEM Windows 10 preinstalled. I wanted to keep it just
in case, but it turns out that:
since I want BitLocker, SecureBoot needs to be enabled
Ubuntu supports SecureBoot, but Debian does not
since I want LVM+encryption, I need to use Debian
So I’m ditching the pre-installed Windows (I’ll make a VirtualBox VM
later on if I really need it).
System install is pretty uneventful, except for the fact that the trackpad
is apparently not working within the installer. I was able to install
on LVM with encryption as desired. I was happy to find MATE as one of the
Keyboard and trackpad setup appear to work just fine out of the
box (including for GDM).
The default driver appears to work just fine with the embedded LCD
display, but is unable to handle my two external DP monitors
I am using this laptop on a docking station with two DisplayPort
monitors. This works only if the builtin Intel GPU is disabled,
and the add-on Nvidia GPU only is enabled.
Using the nvidia (non-free) driver
To install the nVidia driver:
make sure installed kernel headers (linux-headers) match kernel (linux-image),
otherwise DKMS won’t build.
install nvidia-driver (note: this will build a kernel module, so requires
a working compiler)
run nvidia-xconfig --query-gpu-info by hand and make note of PCI BusID
run nvidia-xconfig --busid=PCI:x:x:x to generate xorg.conf
To disable the built-in Intel GPU:
Video -> Switchable graphics -> uncheck Enable Switchable Graphics
(I have also checked Graphics Special Mode, not sure whether this is
$ gsettings get org.mate.session gnome-compat-startup
$ gsettings set org.mate.session gnome-compat-startup "['smproxy']"
$ gsettings get org.mate.session gnome-compat-startup
# uncheck SSH Key Agent and maybe others.
# This will create a copy of /etc/xdg/autostart/gnome-keyring-ssh.desktop
# in ~/.config/autostart, with appropriate settings to turn it off.
Add myself to group sudo.
In /etc/apt/sources.list: add contrib and non-free.
Unsuprisingly, this won’t have the desired effect. Life
would be too simple…
The default browser for GNOME applications is determined using
gvfs-mime. Per-user overrides can be specified in
defaults are generated by update-desktop-database and
stored in /usr/share/applications/mimeinfo.cache.
The mimeinfo.cache is basically a raw reverse cache for the
.desktop information. There is no way to define priorities in it.
To be able to specify default applications, a mimeapps.list file
(previously named defaults.list up to debian 5) must be created.
It can be system-wide (in /usr/share/applications or a subdirectory)
or user-specific (in $HOME/.local/share/applications).
And indeed the fix was to reorder the list from mimeinfo.cache,
and create the following file:
This is an entry level network-connected multi function printer. It
does not have a built-in Postscript interpreter. Instead, it receives
raster data through a proprietary network protocol implemented as
a closed source binary plugin to the CUPS filtering system.
In addition to CUPS, the following ports must be installed:
Once this is done, the printer can be added to CUPS. The standard
socket connection options cannot be used. Instead, the “HPLIP” transport
must be selected. The printer URI must be set manually from the output of
hp-makeuri <IP-address>. (The plugin requires an URI starting with
“hp:”, and will reject any other device URI with an error message saying
“Error: This module is designed to work with HP Printers only”).
So, I wanted to upgrade Firefox on my FreeBSD 10 workstation,
and this in turn caused some supporting libraries to be upgraded,
and this broke all sorts of things again.
Initially gdm just segfaulted. After more manual upgrades,
it turned out to work again, except that GDM had lost all localization,
and in particular got the wrong keymap for the login screen.
It appears that gdm_lang is no longer honored (despite still being
mentioned in /usr/local/etc/rc.d/gdm): you now need to set gdm’s
locale in /usr/local/etc/gdm/locale.conf. Also note that unlike
other user-editable configuration files, this one is overwritten
each time gdm is reinstalled.
The font packages available on a desktop environment with a default
FreeBSD installation do not support the
Miscellaneous Symbols and Pictographs
Unicode range (U+1F300..U+1F5FF), which contains various dingbats
A nice vector font providing these symbols is however available
from ports: x11-fonts/symbola.
(Note: x11-fonts/gnu-unifont and x11-fonts/gnu-unifont-ttf are not
nearly as exhaustive.)
Update 2017-01-23 Similar problem on Debian (CIRCLED LATIN CAPITAL LETTER V
(U+24CB), Ⓥ was missing). Resolved by installing fonts-linuxlibertine.
I have a very basic KDE environment, just enough to be able to run
Digikam. Anytime I try to delete a photo, I get an error message:
Could not start process
Unable to create io-slave: klauncher said: Unknown protocol 'trash'.
Oh, well. So I guess the FreeBSD port for Digikam fails to list a
required dependency. Fixing this is a long (ongoing) journey,
with lots of interesting adventures all along. This is not a step
by step buid, but a series of notes about various traps I fell
on the way.
KDE libraries versioning
Executive summary: you cannot build KDE libraries (such
as sysutils/kfilemetadata) of a given version if it does
not match exactly the installed version of kdelibs:
===> Registering installation for kfilemetadata-4.14.3_2 as automatic
pkg-static: Unable to access file /var/ports/work/usr/ports/sysutils/kfilemetadata/work/stage/usr/local/lib/libkfilemetadata.so.4.14.3: No such file or directory
*** Error code 74
kfilemetadata fails to install. That file is indeed missing; the staging area
does however contain a libkfilemetadata.so.4.14.2. So why does the source package
of 4.14.3 generate a 4.14.2 library?
Answer: the library version is not set by the package itself, it comes from a
default value from:
$ pkg which /usr/local/share/apps/cmake/modules/KDE4Defaults.cmake
/usr/local/share/apps/cmake/modules/KDE4Defaults.cmake was installed by package kdelibs-4.14.2_5
Conclusion: the build dependency for kfilemetadata should list the exact same version of
kdelibs, or the port won’t build.
Let’s instead upgrade kdelibs from binary package, and hope for the best:
# pkg install -f kdelibs
This breaks because the binary package depends on a newer libpng, so let’s upgrade this one,
keeping the old shared lib intact just in case.
/usr/local/lib/libpng16.so.16: version PNG16_0 required by /usr/local/lib/libkhtml.so.5 not defined
Strange that libpng 1.6.16 does not have version 16… Sigh… OK, upgrading from png-1.6.16
to png-1.6.18 appears to fix the problem. Back on track…
Now Digikam displays its splash screen and starts initializing, then segfaults.
Hell, I’ll have to bite the bullet and upgrade a few hundred packages from ports. :-(
VLC ports variants
The vlc port by defaults depends on QT5, whereas the rest of the
KDE system depends on QT4. You can rebuild vlc with the QT4 option,
but that’s not quite sufficient: actually phonon (part of KDE)
depends explicitly on slave port vlc-qt4 (so you can’t just install
vlc with QT4 option, you have to go through the separate slave
Digikam does not segault anymore, CUPS is repaired (I had to reinstall
it somewhere in the process, as it would silently fail to startup
due to a missing symbol) but I still cannot delete photos. On second
guess, the missing item might be kde4-runtime, not kde4-workspace.
Here the dead end is quickly reached: x11/kde4-runtime depends on net/openslp,
which won’t build because of a security vulnerability… Oh well, let’s
build with DISABLE_VULNERABILITIES=yes…
At long last, small victory: the missing piece was indeed x11/kde4-runtime.
The problem has been reported.
I must admit I’m getting sick and tired of the amount of breakage I need to
investigate and fix most times I want to install something using the ports system.
Desktop work nowadays requires humongous dependency closures that are extremely
fragile, and I’m very much tempted these days to switch back to Debian for that.